Many temperate fish have specific local diet requirements, while others, will eat just about any crustacean or frozen foods. Some fish should not be kept with fish small enough to fit into its mouth, crabs or mollusks. Similarly some crabs can not be kept with some mollusks, while other fish, crabs, mollusks and echinoderms may be compatible with each other. It takes experience before one can successfully gauge the compatibility of the fish and invertebrates in one’s area. Due to it being such a localized hobby, not many people go the route of local tanks. However, they are more cost-effective than reef tanks.
Various businesses have commercialized fishkeeping. With the advent of large scale business operations focusing on breeding massive quantities of specimens, marine fishkeeping has become much more widespread than ever before. Perhaps the biggest disincentive to marine fishkeeping, in comparison to freshwater, is the initial setup cost. A 100 US gallons (38060;L) reef tank full of coral and equipment can cost in excess of $2,500 US, although a budget-minded home hobbyist could spend less than half of this and still get a satisfactory result.
The most common type of saltwater fish tank, the tropical marine tank, houses marine animals from tropical climates. Usually kept between 24 to 2860;°C (75 to 8260;°F), these tanks include tropical reef tanks, as well as fish-only tanks. These tanks tend to have a low concentrations of microscopic plankton and other foods eaten by filter feeders. Most livestock for these aquariums are acquired through commercial means.
Another important aspect of reef tanks is lighting. While fish only tanks use lighting primarily for display, a reef tank needs light to “feed” the coral. Since the coral uses photosynthesis to stay alive, lighting is the most important aspect of keeping your coral alive.
Testing out my new Sony camera.
Air driven, counter-current protein skimmers and reliable submersible electric heaters were invented in Germany. Various advances in filtration included trickle and hang-on filters, both allowing a more natural equilibrium in the aquarium environment. The advancement of fluorescent lighting technologies to provide higher output, along with metal halide lighting, enabled the first reef tanks, making it possible to keep corals and other invertebrates without natural sunlight.
These days saltwater fishkeeping is a whole new art thanks to more information on the nitrogen cycle, flow rates, additives, and lighting needs, especially for sedentary invertebrates like sea anemones and soft corals. A few years ago, it was suggested that saltwater tanks include at least 20-30 gallons of water, but with more knowledge concerning reef maintenance and greater expense in reef set up and upkeep, articles and publications have been coming out on how to maintain nano-reefs, or reef tanks of 10-20 gallons or less.
To start with this topic you must first know what “Reef” is and what a “Reef Tank” is meant for. Reef is nothing but a deposition of sand (abiotic process) or coral and algae (biotic process) deep under the surface of water mainly on the sea bed. A Reef tank is a sort of marine aquarium meant for under water living beings especially fish, deep sea corals and other aquatic animals.
Of the various types, most popular aquarium lighting comes from metal halide lamps, very high output or VHO, compact fluorescent and T5 high output lighting systems. Although they were once widely used, many reef tank aquarists have abandoned T12 and T8 fluorescent lamps due to their poor intensity, and mercury vapor due to its production of a limited light spectrum.
Setting up a reef aquarium can be both challenging and expensive, so it
is imperative that you are prepared with research and planning
beforehand. Setting up and maintaining a reef tank is a huge responsibility, and you can have a direct impact on the life and death
of your aquatic organisms. Ultimately researching every aspect of reef
tank care can not only save the lives of your fish and invertebrates,
but avoid wasting money. I highly recommend reading a variety
specialized books and websites to understand exactly what you would be
getting into.Creating a reef tank may get pricey, starting with
a minimum start-up cost of $1300 (not including plants and animals).
You will need the following to set up your saltwater reef aquarium: